Episode 15: The Spanish Armada vs God’s Chosen People


A map of the European Colonization on the Atlantic Coast.
A painting of Mary Tudor, or Bloody Mary.
An artist’s interpretation of William Cecil.

Artistic interpretations of the  Duke of Medina Sidonia and the Spanish Armada. 
An artist’s interpretation of Francis Drake


Foxe’s Book of Martyrs

BBC’s page on the British Agricultural Revolution.

A little more on Primitive Communism.

This is the Bedazzled 1967 Harald made reference to in this episode.

Episode 14: Dutch Independence – When Irresistible Force Meets Immovable Object

A map of the Hapsburg – Ottoman struggle.


A recreation of the Swiss Phalanx


A map displaying the spread of Protestantism across Europe


An artist’s interpretation of King William III of England (William of Orange/William the Silent)


An artist’s interpretation of Maurice of Nassau.

Here is History Uncovered’s video on the Spanish Tercios. 


Episode 13: Weaving, Athena and the Norns, Metis

An artist’s interpretation of Athena and Arachne weaving.

A map of the medieval spice trade.

Jed van Eyck’s ‘Portrait of a Man (Self Portrait?)’
Hieronymous Bosch’s ‘The Garden of Earthly Delights’.
The Malthusian Growth Model.
A model of the Herring Buss.
A drawing of the ‘Flute’ or ‘Fluyt’, the Dutch’s specialized bulk trade ship.

Some books recommended by Harald:

Conquerors by Roger Crowley

Inadequate Equilibria by Eliezer Yudkowsky

Crash Course’s episode on The Dutch Golden Age.

National Geographic’s article on the East India Company.

Episode 9- 1066: Legacy of Forkbeard

Canute the Great.

An artistic interpretation of King Knut/Canute

An artistic interpretation of Edward the Confessor.

An artistic interpretation of Harald Godwinson.

An artistic interpretation of  William the Bastard/Conqueror.

An artistic interpretation of  Harald Hardrada.

Rosklide Cathedral today.  English stonemasons were at work in the town in the 1030s.

The truth about spoken Danish:

An interesting lecture on Canute:

Joseph Henrich’s slide show:

Some links:

Linguist Educator Exchange, referenced in this episode, is a fantastic resource on language.

Canute’s letter to the English people.

Propaganda for William the Bastard.

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Episode 8: The Greatness of Forkbeard

A couple of depictions of Sweyn Forkbeard.
Anglo Saxon coins found in Scandinavia.

The ending scene of Princess Mononoke, when Iron Town is burned down by the forest spirit. 

One hundred trillion dollar bills printed in Zimbabwe as a result of hyperinflation.

September 3 1967 – Dagen H.

This Day in History: Swedish Traffic Switches Sides – September 3, 1967

The Day Sweden Switched Sides

The estimated death toll from communist regimes is more than the Black Death and Mongol Horde combined. Scary stuff.

The median worker tax rates of Scandinavia vs the U.S in 2019.
Skew Lines!

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Episode 7 Tyr is Beren or Rich Vikings-They showed me the money

Exponential growth Xwhenever i>1

Given enough time, small differences in economic growth are the difference between wealth and poverty

The famous parable of exponential growth

Egil’s Saga is recommened.  Also, Njal’s Saga.  Interestingly Njal is just norse for Neil, an Irish name indicating Irish influence in Norse culture.

Justice and Fairness is the most powerful social technology.  This is a regular theme in Hanging with History.  The slow and fitful steps towards justice and people treating each other better is both caused by and causes improvements in living standards in a virtuous circle.  Backward steps are very common, but some of the worst backward steps were avoided in Britain.

The British History Podcast – recommended

History of England podcast – recommended

Just for fun…..

The first two are Tyr, an important god, for whom we named Tuesday.  The third is Beren.   His hand holds a silmarillion, after he was known as One-Hand.

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Episode 6: The Sons of Ragnar in England

A map of viking raids in France.

The Viking siege of Paris

A table displaying the distribution of place names in England with personal and non-personal specifics (from https://www.researchgate.net/publication/284228370_Anglo-Scandinavian_Code-Mixing_in_English_Place-Names)

A table displaying the distribution of Old Norse and Old English generics (from https://www.researchgate.net/publication/284228370_Anglo-Scandinavian_Code-Mixing_in_English_Place-Names)

Not endorsing a particular view, but just to show it is out there….This Prezi looks at the idea that Middle English is a Norse language

The composition of modern English by language of origin.

The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle

Harald also referenced this essay, Categories Were Made for Man : https://slatestarcodex.com/2014/11/21/the-categories-were-made-for-man-not-man-for-the-categories/

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